Gaois

A collection of legal and legislative terms in Irish extracted from the European Union's multilingual terminology database. More information »

3 results

  1. medical science
    frithsheasmhacht in aghaidh ábhair fhrithmhiocróbacha Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    Context 'Tá méadú ag teacht ar "fhrithsheasmhacht in aghaidh ábhair fhrithmhiocróbacha" rud a thuigtear mar chumas miocrorgánach teacht slán nó fás áit a bhfuil tiúchan oibreán frithmhiocróbach ar gnách gur leor é chun miocrorgánaigh den speiceas céanna a chosc nó a mharú.' Reference Rialachán (AE) 2016/429 maidir le galair in-tarchurtha ainmhithe agus lena leasaítear agus lena n-aisghairtear gníomhartha áirithe i réimse na sláinte ainmhithe (“Dlí maidir le Sláinte Ainmhithe”), CELEX:32016R0429/GA
    antimikrobielle Resistenz
    de
    Definition Phänomen, dass sich Mikroorganismen vor dem Angriff eigentlich gegen sie gerichteter Wirkstoffe erfolgreich schützen und die entsprechende biologische oder chemische Substanz damit unwirksam machen können Reference Antimicrobial Copper: Startseite > Warum Antimikrobielle Kupferwerkstoffe? > Antimikrobielle Resistenz, http://www.antimicrobialcopper.org/de/Resistenzen (29.8.2017)
    AMR | antimicrobial resistance
    en
    Definition resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial medicine [ IATE:834434 ] Reference COM-Terminology Coordination, based on:Leo J.P. Tharappel, Ginpreet Kaur, Harpal S. Buttar. India – A New Contributor To The Pharmacovigilance Movement. IJPSR (2014), Vol. 5, Issue 8, http://ijpsr.com/?action=download_pdf&postid=1155 [14.5.2018]
    Comment See also:- acquired antimicrobial resistance [ IATE:912591 ] - adaptive antimicrobial resistance [ IATE:3573248 ]- intrinsic antimicrobial resistance [ IATE:3571214 ]
  2. medical science
    frithsheasmhacht oiriúnaitheach in aghaidh ábhair fhrithmhiocróbacha Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    adaptive antimikrobielle Resistenz
    de
    adaptive antimicrobial resistance | adaptive resistance
    en
    Definition temporary rise in the resistibility of the microbe in response to the drug, due to altered gene/protein expression, as a result of exposure to stress nutrient medium, growth or sub-inhibitory levels of the antibiotic, which reverts when the inducing condition is removed Reference COM-Terminology Coordination, based on: Leo J.P. Tharappel, Ginpreet Kaur, Harpal S. Buttar. India – A New Contributor To The Pharmacovigilance Movement. IJPSR (2014), Vol. 5, Issue 8, http://ijpsr.com/?action=download_pdf&postid=1155 [15.3.2018]
    Comment See also: - antimicrobial resistance (broader) [ IATE:3573244 ] - acquired antimicrobial resistance (related) [ IATE:912591 ] - intrinsic antimicrobial resistance (related) [ IATE:3571214 ]
  3. medical science
    frithsheasmhacht fhaighte fhrithmhiocróbach Reference Faofa ag an gCoiste Téarmaíochta, www.tearma.ie Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    frithsheasmhacht fhrithmhiocróbach Reference Faofa ag an gCoiste Téarmaíochta, www.tearma.ie Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    Resistenz | Resistenz gegen antimikrobielle Wirkstoffe | antimikrobielle Resistenz | AMR | erworbene Resistenz gegen antimikrobielle Mittel
    de
    Definition genetisch bedingte Resistenz von Mikroorganismen gegen antimikrobielle Wirkstoffe IATE:834434 Reference Council-DE
    Comment XREF: Antibiotikum IATE:1098823 ; Antibiotika-Resistenz IATE:1073649 ; UPD: cba, 2.7.12
    anti-microbial resistance | acquired antimicrobial resistance | acquired resistance | AMR | antimicrobial resistance | resistance to antimicrobial agents | resistance
    en
    Definition resistance of a microorganism 1 to an antimicrobial medicine to which it was previously sensitive resulting in failure of the treatment and prolonged infection Reference Based on: World Health Organization > Media Centre > Fact Sheets > Fact sheet N°194 - February 2011: Antimicrobial resistance http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs194/en/ [16.10.2018]
    Comment 1 microorganism [ IATE:1203151 ] See also: - antibiotic resistance (narrower) [ IATE:1073649 ] - anti-microbial drug resistance (related) [ IATE:2212752 ] - antiviral drug resistance (related) [ IATE:3507575 ] Do not confuse with antimicrobial resistance [ IATE:3573244 ], where the resistance is innate and not acquired at a later time.
    résistance aux agents anti-microbiens | résistance acquise aux antimicrobiens | résistance aux agents antimicrobiens | résistance aux antimicrobiens | résistance aux substances antimicrobiennes | résistance aux substances anti-microbiennes
    fr
    Definition aptitude d'une ou plusieurs souches d'un microbe à survivre à l'administration d'un mé­dicament, entraînant ainsi la prolongation de l'état pathologique ou un échec thérapeutique total Reference D'après: site de l'OMS, aide-mémoire n°194, révisé en janvier 2002, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs194/fr/index.html [14.4.2009] et Meertens R., Dictionnaire anglais-français/français-anglais de la santé et du médical, éd. Chiron, Paris, 2006.
    Comment C'est le microbe (bactérie, virus, champignon ou protozoaire) qui est résistant, pas le médicament ni le patient. Des espèces de bactéries normalement résistantes à la pénicilline, par exemple, peuvent développer une résistance à ces médicaments soit par mutation (transmission verticale) soit par acquisition des gènes de résistance d’une autre bactérie (transmission horizontale). Ce double mode d’acquisition de la résistance explique pourquoi cette caractéristique peut se transmettre rapidement et remplacer une colonie de bactéries auparavant sensible aux médicaments. (cf. http://www.who.int/medicinedocs/es/d/Js2249f/3.1.html#Js2249f.3.1 )
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