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TERMINOLOGY DATABASE
Type a word or a phrase in Irish or in English.
Similar terms: n., NA, Nb, NC, ND

IATE Terminology

LAW
ga uimh. REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga uimhir REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en No. | number | n.
fr numéro |
de Nummer | Nr.
GEOGRAPHY · Europe
ga an Iorua REFERENCE An bunachar náisiúnta téarmaíochta don Ghaeilge, http://www.tearma.ie
ga Ríocht na hIorua REFERENCE An bunachar náisiúnta téarmaíochta don Ghaeilge, http://www.tearma.ie
COMMENT Príomhchathair: Osló<br>Ainm an tsaoránaigh: Ioruach<br>Aidiacht: Ioruach<br>Airgeadra: krone na hIorua <br>Fo-Aonad Airgeadra: øre<br>Cliceáil ar "mul" thuas agus tiocfaidh tú ar fhaisnéis faoi na cóid ISO agus FADO a bhaineann leis an iontráil seo.
en Kingdom of Norway | Norway
COMMENT CAPITAL: Oslo<br>CITIZEN: Norwegian<br>ADJECTIVE: Norwegian<br>CURRENCY: Norwegian krone (pl. kroner)(NOK)<br>CURRENCY SUBUNIT: øre (inv.)<br>Please see the "mul" section of this entry for information on ISO and FADO Codes.
fr le Royaume de Norvège | la Norvège
COMMENT capitale: Oslo<br>citoyen/habitant: Norvégien<br>adjectif: norvégien<br>unité monétaire: la couronne norvégienne<br>subdivision: øre<br>Pour obtenir des informations concernant les codes ISO et FADO, veuillez cliquer sur le code langue MUL ci-dessus.
de Norwegen | das Königreich Norwegen
COMMENT Hauptstadt: Oslo; Adjektiv: norwegisch; Bez. der Staatsangehörigen: Norweger/ Norwegerin; Währung: Norwegische Krone
mul NO | N | NOR
Chemical element
ga nítrigin REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
DEFINITION dúil ghásach arb é 7 a huimhir adamhach, agus atá gan dath gan bholadh gan bhlas REFERENCE 'nítrigin'. Hussey, M. <i>Fréamh an Eolais</i>. Coiscéim, Baile Átha Cliath, 2011
en nitrogen | azote
DEFINITION chemical element: atomic number 7; neutral gaseous element causing neither oxidation nor reduction REFERENCE IUPAC - Periodic Table of the Elements: http://www.iupac.org/reports/periodic_table/index.html#names (18/10/2007); IGU, Dictionary of the Gas Industry, 1982
COMMENT Used as an atmosphere in high-temperature operations in semiconductor device processes, and to fill hermetically sealed device encapsulations containing voids.<HR>See also:<li> <I>nitrogen gas</I> [ IATE:1140747 ]
fr azote
DEFINITION élément chimique de la famille des pnictogènes, de symbole N et de numéro atomique 7 REFERENCE http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azote (15.11.2007)
de Stickstoff
DEFINITION chemisches Element:Ordnungszahl 7 REFERENCE Römpp,Chemie-Lexicon
mul N
Earth sciences · GEOGRAPHY
ga Tuaisceart REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga T REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en N | North
DEFINITION one of the 4 cardinal points on a <i>wind rose</i> [ IATE:1154307 ] marking one division of the four cardinal directions: (N,S,E,W) or of the 8 principlal points (which include the 4 cardinal points plus the 4 intercardinal points (NW, NE, SE, SW); having the following division points: lowest: 354.38°, middle: 0.00°, highest: 5.62° REFERENCE COM-EN based on: <br> Wikipedia > Points of the compass http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northeast#Compass_point_names [27/11/2013]
COMMENT traditional wind point: <i>Tramontana</i>
fr N | Nord
de Norden | N
Life sciences · Chemical compound
ga núicléisíd REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en nucleoside
DEFINITION <i>purine</i> [ IATE:1460682 ] or <i>pyrimidine base</i> [ IATE:1460683 ] attached to <i>ribose</i> [ IATE:1479345 ] or <i>deoxyribose </i> [ IATE:1479358 ] REFERENCE "nucleoside" A Dictionary of Genetics. Robert C. King, William D. Stansfield and Pamela K. Mulligan. Oxford University Press, 2007. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Directorate-General for Translation. http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t224.e4411 [28.2.2011]
COMMENT The nucleosides commonly found in DNA or RNA are cytidine, cytosine deoxyriboside, thymidine, uridine, adenosine, adenine deoxyriboside, guanosine, and guanine deoxyriboside. Note that thymidine is a deoxyriboside and cytidine, uridine, adenosine, and guanosine are ribosides
fr nucléoside
DEFINITION nom générique des osides formés par l'union d'un pentose(ribose ou désoxyribose)et d'une base purique ou pyrimidique et comprenant les ribosides(à base de ribose)et les désoxyribosides(à base de désoxyribose) REFERENCE Duval,Clément,Duval,Raymonde,Dictionnaire de la Chimie et de ses Applications,1978,Technique et Documentation,Paris
de Nukleosid | Nucleosid
DEFINITION Nukleotid-und somit Nukleinsaeurebaustein aus Pentose und Base, d.h.Mononukleotid ohne Phosphorsaeuretest REFERENCE Reallexikon der Medizin,1966,Urban und Schwarzenberg,München
mul Y | R | Puo | Nuc | Pyd | N
Means of agricultural production · Chemical compound
ga tiaimeatocsam REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en thiamethoxam | 3-[(2-chloro-1,3-thiazol-5-yl)methyl]-5-methyl-<I>N</I>-nitro-1,3,5-oxadiazinan-4-imine | (<I>EZ</I>)-3-(2-chloro-thiazol-5-ylmethyl)-5-methyl-[1,3,5]oxadiazinan-4-ylidene-<I>N</I>-nitroamine
DEFINITION insecticide in the class of neonicotinoids, having a broad spectrum of activity against many types of insects REFERENCE Wikipedia > Thiamethoxam http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thiamethoxam [18.1.2011]
COMMENT Thiamethoxam is a systemic insecticide that is absorbed quickly by plants and transported to all parts of the plant, where it acts as a deterrent to insect feeding. It is active in the stomach of the insects, and also through direct contact. The insect blocks the electron transfer between nerve cells, making the insects become paralyzed.<BR>Thiamethoxam is effective against aphids, thrips, beetles, centipedes, millipedes, sawflies, leaf miners, stem borers and termites.<BR>Thiamethoxam is a moderately toxic substance. In normal use, there are no unacceptable risks involved. The substance is toxic to bees and harmful to aquatic and soil organisms. A metabolite of thiamethoxam in soil is clothianidin.<HR><I>Note ref.</I>: Wikipedia > Thiamethoxam http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thiamethoxam [18.1.2011]
de Thiamethoxam | 3-[(2-Chlor-1,3-thiazol-5-yl)methyl]-5-methyl-<i>N</i>-nitro-1,3,5-oxadiazinan-4-imin
DEFINITION chemische Verbindung aus der Gruppe der Neonicotinoide in Form eines braunen Feststoffs REFERENCE Wikipedia, s. v. „Thiamethoxam“, https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thiamethoxam (22.5.2018)
COMMENT Thiamethoxam wird als Holzschutzmittel und Insektizid verwendet. Es wird gegen Termiten (Gelbfüßige Bodentermite, Reticulitermes hageni, Reticulitermes santonensis) und Käfer (Hausbock) eingesetzt. Die Wirkung beruht auf der irreversiblen Blockade der postsynaptischen nicotinergenen Acetylcholinrezeptoren im zentralen Nervensystem.
Means of agricultural production · Chemical compound
ga démheitéanaimíd-p REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
de Dimethenamid-P | 2-Chlor-<i>N</i>-(2,4-dimethyl-3-thienyl)-<i>N</i>-[(2<i>S</i>)-1-methoxy-2-propanyl]acetamid
DEFINITION Vorlaufherbizid, das oft zur Bekämpfung von einjährigen Gräsern, einjährigen zweikeimblättrigen Unkräutern und Seggen eingesetzt wird REFERENCE Deutscher Fachmann für Chemie nach University of Hertfordshire, Portal zu Pestiziden, s. v. „dimethenamid-P“, https://sitem.herts.ac.uk/aeru/ppdb/en/Reports/241.htm (19.7.2018)
Nutrition · Physical sciences · Food additive · Chemistry
ga aspairtéim REFERENCE Rialachán (CE) Uimh. 1331/2008 lena mbunaítear nós imeachta comhchoiteann údaraithe maidir le breiseáin bia, maidir le heinsímí bia agus maidir le blastáin bia, CELEX:32008R1331/GA ;<P>Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en aspartame | aspartyl phenylalanine methyl ester | (<I>S</I>)-3-amino-<I>N</I>-[(<I>S</I>)-1-methoxycarbonyl-2-phenylethyl]succinamic acid
DEFINITION very sweet substance — a derivative of aspartic acid and phenylalanine, with the chemical formula C<SUB>14</SUB>H<SUB>18</SUB>N<SUB>2</SUB>O<SUB>5</SUB> — used as an artificial sweetener, chiefly in low-calorie products REFERENCE COM-EN, based on:<LI>‘aspartame’. <I>Oxford Dictionaries</I>. Oxford University Press, http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/aspartame [6.7.2016]</LI><LI>Regulation (EU) No 231/2012 laying down specifications for food additives listed in Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008, CELEX:32012R0231/EN </LI><LI>D. Eric Walters, ‘Aspartame, a sweet-tasting dipeptide’, http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/motm/aspartame/aspartameh.html [6.7.2016]</LI>
COMMENT Aspartame is a dipeptide of L-phenylalanine methyl ester and L-aspartic acid bearing an amino group at the α-position from the carbon of the peptide bond. It has a molecular weight of 294.31 g/mol, the CAS Registry Number is 22839-47-0 and the EINECS number 245-261-3. It is a white odourless, crystalline powder.<HR>Reference: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). ‘Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of aspartame (E 951) as a food additive’, <I>EFSA Journal</I> 2013;11(12):3496, http://www.efsa.europa.eu/sites/default/files/scientific_output/files/main_documents/3496.pdf [6.7.2016]
fr aspartam | aspartame
DEFINITION peptide composé d'acide aspartique et de phényalanine, à fort pouvoir édulcorant, utilisé comme succédané du sucre REFERENCE Le Petit Robert 2014 > Aspartame [25.1.2017]
de Aspartam
DEFINITION kalorienarmes, intensives künstliches Süßungsmittel; in Europa für die Verwendung als Lebensmittelzusatzstoff und als Tafelsüßstoff zugelassen REFERENCE vgl. EFSA http://www.efsa.europa.eu/de/topics/topic/sweeteners (17.02.2017)
COMMENT Verwendung u. a. in Getränken, Desserts, Süßwaren, Milchprodukten, Kaugummi und kalorienreduzierten Produkten
Social problem · Pharmaceutical industry
ga cóidín REFERENCE Rialachán (AE) Uimh. 374/2014 maidir le dleachtanna custaim ar earraí de thionscnamh na hÚcráine a laghdú nó a dhíchur, CELEX:32014R0374/GA <BR>Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
DEFINITION pianmhúchán atá gaolmhar le moirfín, a úsáidtear chun cóireáil ar shaghsanna séimhe péine, cosúil le tinneas cinn REFERENCE 'cóidín'. Hussey, M. <i>Fréamh an Eolais</i>. Coiscéim, Baile Átha Cliath, 2011.
en morphine 3-methyl ether | (4R,4aR,7S,7aR,12bS)-9-methoxy-3-methyl-2,4,4a,7,7a,13-hexahydro-1H-4,12-methanobenzofuro[3,2-e]isoquinoline-7-ol | 7,8-didehydro-4,5α-epoxy-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6α-ol | (5R,6S,9R,13S,14R)-4,5-epoxy-3-methoxy-N-methyl-7-morphinen-6-ol | codeine | methylmorphine | O<sup>3</sup>-methylmorphine
DEFINITION the second most predominant alkaloid<sup>1</sup> of the phenanthrene group contained in seeds of opium poppy (<i>Papaver somniferum</i> L.)<HR><sup>1</sup> alkaloid [ IATE:1620329 ] REFERENCE COM-Terminology Coordination, based on:<BR>EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM); Scientific Opinion on the risks for public health related to the presence of opium alkaloids in poppy seeds. <i>EFSA Journal</i> 2011;9(11):2405. [150 pp.], http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/doc/2405.pdf [5.3.2015]
fr méthylmorphine | codéïne
DEFINITION Alcaloïde contenu dans l'opium et dans la paille de pavot;également préparé à partir de la morphine par méthylation appropriée REFERENCE UN
de Kodein | Morphinum methylatum | Codeinum | Methylmorphin | Codein
DEFINITION Alkaloid der Mohnpflanze, kann durch Methylierung von Morphin, gewonnen werden REFERENCE Drogen von A-Z,A.Sahihi
Medical science · Pharmaceutical industry · Life sciences · Foodstuff · Chemistry
ga agar REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
CONTEXT ‘D'úsáid siad miasa petri d'<b>agar</b> cothaitheach steirilithe chun na horgánaigh a fhás.’ REFERENCE Kennedy, D. et al., <i>Eolaíocht na Linne seo</i>, Elliot, M. et al. a d'aistrigh, An Gúm, Baile Átha Cliath, 1992 (i Nua-Chorpas na hÉireann a aimsíodh)
DEFINITION ábhar cosúil le glóthach a tháirgtear ó fheamainn REFERENCE 'agar'. Hussey, M. <i>Fréamh an Eolais.</i> Coiscéim, Baile Átha Cliath, 2011.
en agar-agar | agar
DEFINITION gelatinous substance obtained from certain red seaweeds and used in biological culture media and as a thickener in foods REFERENCE "agar" <I>noun > The Oxford Dictionary of English</I> (revised edition). Ed. Catherine Soanes & Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press (OUP), 2005. <i>Oxford Reference Online</i>. OUP. DGT. http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t140.e1219 (26.8.2009)
fr agar-agar | gélose
DEFINITION produit gélifiant obtenu à partir d'algues rouges appartenant aux familles des Gelidiacées (Gelidium et Pterocladia) et des Gracilariacées (Gracilaria) REFERENCE Wikipédia http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agar-agar [8.9.2010]
COMMENT L'agar-agar purifié, débarrassé de tous ses éléments minéraux s'appelle l'agarose, utilisable selon son niveau de pureté dans diverses applications de biologie moléculaire
de Agar-Agar | Agartang | Agar
DEFINITION aus ostasiatischen Rotalgen gewonnene leicht quellbare Substanz, die ähnlich wie Gelatine zur Herstellung von Nährboeden für Mikroorganismen verwendet wird REFERENCE Office International de la Vigne et du Vin
Food additive · Chemistry · Chemical compound
ga povadón REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en PVP | poly-[1-(2-oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl)-ethylene] | soluble polyvinylpyrrolidone | povidone | polyvinylpyrrolidone
DEFINITION water-soluble polymer of vinyl pyrrolidone, used as a synthetic blood plasma substitute and in the cosmetic, drug, and food-processing industries REFERENCE ‘polyvinylpyrrolidone’. <I>Oxford Dictionaries</I>. Oxford University https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/polyvinylpyrrolidone [19.10.2017]
fr polyvinylpyrrolidone | PVP | poly-[1-(2-oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl)-éthylène] | polyvinylpyrrolidone soluble | polyvidone
DEFINITION Poudre amorphe blanche, soluble dans l'eau, employée en médecine (substitut du plasma sanguin) et en pharmacie. Clarifiant du vinaigre, stabilisant de nombreuses denrées alimentaires. REFERENCE Renaud Alix, "Vocabulaire des additifs alimentaires", 1990.
Food additive
ga polaivinilpolapioróladón REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga polaiveadón trasnasctha REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga polaivinilpioróladón dothuaslagtha REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga pola-[1-(2-ocsa-1-piorólaidinil)-eitiléin] REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga crospovadón REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en crospovidone | cross linked polyvidone | insoluble polyvinylpyrrolidone | poly-[1-(2-oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl)-ethylene] | polyvinylpolypyrrolidone
DEFINITION poly-[1-(2-oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl)-ethylene], cross linked in a random fashion REFERENCE Directive 2008/84/EC laying down specific purity criteria on food additives other than colours and sweeteners CELEX:32008L0084/EN
COMMENT It is produced by the polymerisation of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone in the presence of either caustic catalyst or N, N'-divinyl-imidazolidone.
Food additive
ga ailgionáit ghliocól próipiléine REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga própán-1,2 dé-ól ailgionáit REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en propane-1, 2-diol alginate | hydroxypropyl alginate | propane-1,2-diol ester of alginic acid | propylene glycol alginate | 1,2-propanediol ester of alginic acid
DEFINITION emulsifier, stabiliser, and thickener used in food products REFERENCE Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propylene_glycol_alginate , [22.04.2008]
COMMENT food additive with E number E405
de 1,2-Propandiol-Alginat | Propylenglykolester der Alginsäure | Propylenglycolalginat | Hydroxypropyl-Algina
DEFINITION aus Algen gewonnenes Salz der Alginsäure REFERENCE "DIE LEBENSMITTELZUSAETZE UND DER VERBRAUCHER"(1980)-GD XI
Food additive
ga meiteafosfáit chailciam REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga polaimeiteafosfáit chailciam REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga polafosfáit chailciam REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
Chemical compound
ga oráiste meitile REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
CONTEXT ‘Táscairí Aigéid–Buin: Baintear úsáid as táscairí chun a léiriú an bhfuil substaint aigéadach nó bunata. Tá litmeas, ruaim chorcra a úsctar as léicin, ar cheann de na táscairí is simplí. Faightear litmeas mar phúdar nó i riocht tuaslagáin. Tá feanóltailéin agus <b>oráiste meitile</b> ar na táscairí coitianta sa tsaotharlann. Is féidir táscairí simplí eile a úscadh as torthaí agus as glasraí.’ REFERENCE Máirtín, F., <i>An Cheimic - Eolaíocht an Teastais Shóisearaigh</i>, An Gúm, Baile Átha Cliath, 2009, lch. 51.
en methyl orange | sodium 4-(4-dimethylaminophenylazo)benzenesulphonate
DEFINITION an indicator used in the titration of weak bases.Turns red in the presence of acid and orange in the presence of alkali REFERENCE office international de la vigne et du vin
fr méthylorange | orange de méthyle | 4-(4-diméthylaminophénylazo)benzènesulfonate de sodium
DEFINITION indicateur coloré utilisé pour la titration des bases faibles (rouge orangé en milieu acide, jaune en milieu neutre ou alcalin) REFERENCE office international de la vigne et du vin
de Methylorange
DEFINITION als Säure-Base-Indikator verwendeter Azofarbstoff, der im pH-Bereich 3,0-4,4 von rot (sauer) nach gelb (basisch) umschlägt REFERENCE Bibliographisches Institut & F. A. Brockhaus AG (Hg), "Der Brockhaus multimedial 2007 premium", DVD, Bibliographisches Institut & F. A. Brockhaus AG, Mannheim, 2007, ISBN 3-411-06548-6, Eintrag zu "Methylorange"
Earth sciences · Food additive
ga silice REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en amorphous silicon dioxide | silicium dioxide | silica | silicon dioxide
DEFINITION anticaking agent REFERENCE GSFA online > Silicon dioxide, amorphous, http://www.codexalimentarius.net/gsfaonline/additives/details.html?id=284&lang=en [3.6.2010]
fr silice | anhydride silicique | silice amorphe | dioxyde de silicium
DEFINITION Oxyde de silicium SiO2,dont la forme vitreuse sert à la préparation de silicium poly-et monocristallin; utilisé dans l'industrie des semiconducteurs; oxyde de silicium, corps solide de gande dureté, constituant plus de la moitié de la croûte terrestre; dioxyde de silicium REFERENCE Duval + BTB ;Tarif douanier,Notex CCD,34.01 + 69,Robert ;NF B 40-012:1959
Earth sciences · Chemistry
ga mólacht REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en molality | molal concentration
DEFINITION measure of concentration expressed as the number of moles (of a specified solute) per kilogram of solvent REFERENCE "molality" <I>The Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology</I>. Ed Richard Cammack, Teresa Atwood, Peter Campbell, Howard Parish, Anthony Smith, Frank Vella, and John Stirling. Oxford University Press, (OUP) 2008. <I>Oxford Reference Online</I>. OUP. DGT. http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t219.e12761 [17.7.2012]
de <i>b<sub>i</sub></i> = <i>n<sub>i</sub>/m<sub>k</sub></i> | Mol-Gewichtsprozent | Molalität
DEFINITION Quotient aus der Stoffmenge <i>n<sub>i</sub></i> der gelösten Stoffportion <i>i</i> und der Masse <i>m<sub>k</sub></i> der Lösemittelportion <i>k</i> REFERENCE Norm DIN 1310, "Zusammensetzung von Mischphasen (Gasgemische, Lösungen, Mischkristalle) : Begriffe, Formelzeichen", Februar 1984, Abschnitt 5
Chemistry
ga líon cáithníní REFERENCE Rialachán (CE) Uimh. 715/2007 maidir le cineálcheadú mótarfheithiclí i dtaca le hastaíochtaí ó fheithiclí éadroma paisinéirí agus tráchtála (Euro 5 agus Euro 6) agus maidir le rochtain ar fhaisnéis faoi dheisiú agus faoi chothabháil feithiclí, CELEX:32007R0715/GA ;<P>Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga tiúchan cáithníní REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en particle count | number concentration | particle-count concentration | particle number concentration
DEFINITION number of entities of a constituent in a mixture divided by the volume of the mixture REFERENCE IUPAC, "Compendium of Chemical Terminology", 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"), compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1997, XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org/ (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins, ISBN 0-9678550-9-8, http://dx.doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.N04260 (17.12.2009)
COMMENT Not to be confused with the concept of <i>number fraction</i> ( IATE:3511632 ).
de <i>C<sub>i</sub></i> = <i>N<sub>i</sub>/V</i> | Teilchenzahlkonzentration | Konzentration
COMMENT Nicht mit dem Begriff des Teilchenzahlanteils ( IATE:3511632 ) zu verwechseln!
Physical sciences · Chemistry
ga tiúchan mhólarach REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en percentage by amount of substance | amount concentration | amount-of-substance concentration | substance concentration | molarity | concentration | molar concentration
DEFINITION amount of a constituent divided by the volume of the mixture REFERENCE IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8 > amount concentration, http://goldbook.iupac.org/A00295.html [4.8.2010]
COMMENT 1. The common unit is mole per cubic decimetre (mol dm<sup>−3</sup>) or mole per litre (mol L<sup>−1</sup>) sometimes denoted by M.<hR>2. Not to be confused with the concept of <i>amount-of-substance fraction</i> ( IATE:1704844 ).
fr concentration en quantité de matière | concentration molaire | molarité
DEFINITION quotient de la quantité de matière du composé dissous par le volume de la solution REFERENCE T 01-030:1982
de Konzentration | molare Konzentration | <i>c<sub>i</sub></i> = <i>n<sub>i</sub>/V</i> | Molarität | Stoffmengenkonzentration
COMMENT Nicht zu verwechseln mit dem Begriff des Stoffmengenanteils ( IATE:1704844 )!
Chemistry
ga meán uimhríochtúil an mheáchain mhóilínigh REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en number-average molecular weight
DEFINITION a way of determining the molecular weight of a polymer. Polymer molecules, even ones of the same type, come in different sizes (chain lengths, for linear polymers), so the average molecular weight will depend on the method of averaging. The number average molecular weight is the ordinary arithmetic mean or average of the molecular weights of the individual macromolecules. REFERENCE Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molar_mass_distribution [19.1.2010]
COMMENT It is determined by measuring the molecular weight of n polymer molecules, summing the weights, and dividing by n. <BR>Mn = ΣNiMi/ΣNi or Mn=Σni=1HiΣni=1Hi/Mi where <BR>Hi is the level of the detector signal from the baseline for the retention volume Vi,<BR>Mi is the molecular weight of the polymer fraction at the retention volume Vi, <BR>andn is the number of data points.
de <i>M</i><sub>n</sub> | Zahlendurchschnitt | Zahlenmittel | Zahlenmittel der Molmasse
DEFINITION Molekulargewichtsmittelwert fuer Hochpolymere, der mit Hilfe physikalischer Methoden in Verbindung mit isothermischer Destillation und Endgruppenanalyse ermitteit wird REFERENCE Fromherz-King
Physical sciences · Chemistry
ga comhéifeacht athraonta REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en optical index | index of refraction | refraction coefficient | refractive index
DEFINITION the ratio of the speed of light in vacuum, air or other medium of reference, to the speed of light in a given medium; the ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction when light is refracted from a vacuum (or, to a very close approximation, from air) into the medium REFERENCE Dict Vis Sc 68 ;DF:Uvarov/Chapman/Isaacs:Dic Science
COMMENT the refractive index and its related optical properties can aid significantly in the identification of particles;REF:Institut français des combustibles et de lénergie, Thesaurus pollution atmosphérique, Paris
fr indice de réfraction | coefficient de réfraction
DEFINITION rapport constant entre le sinus de l'angle d'incidence et le sinus de l'angle de réfraction dans un même milieu REFERENCE Banque de terminologie de Montréal
de <i>n</i> | Brechungszahl | Brechzahl | Brechungsexponent | Brechungsindex | Brechungskoeffizient
DEFINITION an einem gegebenen Punkt in einem Ausbreitungsmedium und in einer gegebenen Richtung das Verhältnis der Lichtgeschwindigkeit im leeren Raum zum Betrag der Phasengeschwindigkeit einer sinusförmigen ebenen Welle in der gegebenen Richtung REFERENCE Deutsche Kommission Elektrotechnik, Elektronik, Informationstechnik im DIN und VDE, "Deutsche Online-Ausgabe des IEV", IEV-Nummer 702-02-19, 2008, http://www.dke.de/de/Online-Service/DKE-IEV/Seiten/IEV-Woerterbuch.aspx (24.08.2010)
Means of agricultural production · Chemical compound
ga fluicioglocsúrón REFERENCE Faofa ag an gCoiste Téarmaíochta, www.tearma.ie ;<P>Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
de Flucycloxuron | <i>N</i>-({4-[({(<i>E</i>)-[(4-Chlorphenyl)(cyclopropyl)methylen]amino}oxy)methyl]phenyl}carbamoyl)-2,6-difluorbenzamid
DEFINITION Insektizid und Akarizid, das zur Bekämpfung der Eier und Larvenstadien diverser Milbenarten eingesetzt wird REFERENCE Deutscher Fachmann für Chemie nach University of Hertfordshire, Portal zu Pestiziden, s. v. „flucycloxuron (Ref: OMS 3041)“, https://sitem.herts.ac.uk/aeru/ppdb/en/Reports/328.htm (1.7.2018)
Means of agricultural production · Chemical compound
ga fluifeanocsúrón REFERENCE 'Riar na hOibre: Dé Céadaoin, 25 Eanáir, 2012,' Dáil Éireann, http://www.oireachtas.ie/documents/op/Jan12/Business/op250112.pdf [11.1.2018] ;<P>Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
de Flufenoxuron | <i>N</i>-({4-[2-Chlor-4-(trifluormethyl)phenoxy]-2-fluorphenyl}carbamoyl)-2,6-difluorbenzamid
DEFINITION Insektizid, das zur Bekämpfung unreifer Stadien phytophager Milben und anderer Schadinsekten eingesetzt wird REFERENCE Deutscher Fachmann für Chemie nach University of Hertfordshire, Portal zu Pestiziden, s. v. „flufenoxuron (Ref: BAS 3071)“, https://sitem.herts.ac.uk/aeru/ppdb/en/Reports/332.htm (1.7.2018)
Social problem · Pharmaceutical industry
ga aicrilfeantainil REFERENCE Faofa ag an gCoiste Téarmaíochta, www.tearma.ie ;<P>Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en acrylfentanyl | acryloylfentanyl | <i>N</i>-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-<i>N</i>-phenylacrylamide | <i>N</i>-phenyl-<i>N</i>-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]prop-2-enamide
DEFINITION substance with antinociceptive activity (antinociceptive agent [ IATE:3572298 ]) belonging to the 4-anilidopiperidine class of synthetic opioids [ IATE:3529317 ] REFERENCE COM-Terminology Coordination, based on:<BR>EMCDDA–Europol Joint Report on a new psychoactive substance: <i>N</i>-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)- <i>N</i>-phenylacrylamide (acryloylfentanyl). http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/publications/3873/TI_PUBPDF_TDAS17001ENN_PDFWEB_20170221105322.pdf [21.3.2017]
COMMENT See also:<BR>• nociceptor [ IATE:1541629 ]
fr N-(1-phénéthylpipéridine-4-yl)-N-phénylacrylamide | acryloylfentanyl | acrylfentanyl
DEFINITION substance psychoactive à effet antinociceptif puissant et durable qui agit sur le système opioïde REFERENCE COM-FR, d’après la décision d’exécution (UE) du Conseil soumettant la N-(1-phénéthylpipéridine-4-yl)-N-phénylacrylamide (acryloylfentanyl) à des mesures de contrôle, CELEX:32017D1774/FR [18.1.2018]
COMMENT L'acryloylfentanyl est un opioïde synthétique. Sa structure est analogue à celle du <i>fentanyl</i> [IATE:1399760 ], une substance contrôlée communément utilisée en médecine comme complément de l'anesthésie générale en chirurgie et comme antalgique. <hr>Voir aussi: <i>agent antinociceptif</i> [IATE:3572298 ]
Cultivation of agricultural land · Means of agricultural production · Chemical compound
ga bicsifein REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en bixafen | <I>N</I>-(3′,4′-dichloro-5-fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)-3-(difluoromethyl)-1-methylpyrazole-4-carboxamide | <I>N</I>-(3',4'-dichloro-5-fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)-3-(difluoromethyl)-1-methyl-1<I>H</I>-pyrazole-4-carboxamide
DEFINITION Fungicide with a chemical formula C<sub>18</sub>H<sub>12</sub>Cl<sub>2</sub>F<sub>3</sub>N<sub>3</sub>O. REFERENCE http://sitem.herts.ac.uk/aeru/iupac/Reports/1250.htm
COMMENT CAS No.: 581809-46-3, IUPAC Name: N-(3',4'-dichloro-5-fluorobiphenyl-2-yl)-3-(difluoromethyl)-1-methylpyrazole-4-carboxamide
de <i>N</i>-(3',4'-Dichlor-5-fluor-2-biphenylyl)-3-(difluormethyl)-1-methyl-1<i>H</i>-pyrazol-4-carboxamid | Bixafen
DEFINITION chemische Verbindung aus der Gruppe der Pyrazole, Carboxamide und Biphenyle in Form eines weißen Pulvers REFERENCE Wikipedia, s. v. „Bixafen“, https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bixafen (9.5.2018)
COMMENT Bixafen wird als Fungizid bei Getreide verwendet.
Means of agricultural production · Chemical compound
ga clórprófam REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
de Isopropyl-(3-chlorphenyl)carbamat | Chlor-IPC | Isopropyl 3-chlorcarbanilat | <i>N</i>-(3-Chlor-phenyl)-isopropyl-carbamat | Isopropyl-<i>N</i>-(3-chlorphenyl)-carbamat | Chlorpropham
DEFINITION Herbizid und Wachstumsregulator aus der Gruppe der Carbamate REFERENCE CHEMIE.DE Information Service GmbH: Fachportal für Chemie, s. v. „Chlorpropham“, http://www.chemie.de/lexikon/Chlorpropham.html (3.9.2018)
Means of agricultural production · Chemical compound
ga iseaprótúrón REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en isoproturon | 1,1-dimethyl-3-[4-(propan-2-yl)phenyl]urea
DEFINITION a selective, systemic herbicide used in the control of annual grasses and broad-leaved weeds in cereals REFERENCE COM-MT, based on:<br> Marine Biodiversity Wiki, Marbef.org > Isoproturon http://www.marbef.org/wiki/Isoproturon [1.10.2015]
de <i>N</i>-(4-Isopropylphenyl)-<i>N</i>',<i>N</i>'-dimethylharnstoff | 3-(4-Isopropylphenyl)-1,1-dimethylharnstoff | Isoproturon
DEFINITION Herbizid, das, üblicherweise bei Getreide, zur Bekämpfung von einjährigen Gräsern und vielen zweikeimblättrigen Unkräutern eingesetzt wird REFERENCE Deutscher Fachmann für Chemie nach University of Hertfordshire, Portal zu Pestiziden, s. v. „isoproturon (Ref: HOE 16410)“, https://sitem.herts.ac.uk/aeru/ppdb/en/Reports/409.htm (5.9.2018)
Cultivation of agricultural land · Means of agricultural production · Chemical compound
ga gliofosáit REFERENCE Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en glyphosate | <I>N</I>-(phosphonomethyl)glycine
DEFINITION a broad spectrum, nonselective herbicide that is applied as a post emergent spray to actively growing vegetation REFERENCE Natural Resources Canada. <I>Tree planting on marginal lands in Ontario: Glossary of Terms</I>. http://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/subsite/glfc-tree-planting/glossary [10.11.2010]
COMMENT It is absorbed through stems and foliage to be translocated throughout the entire plant. Plant death occurs within two to four weeks with no residual activity in the soil. <HR><I>Note ref.</I>: Natural Resources Canada. <I>Tree planting on marginal lands in Ontario: Glossary of Terms</I>. http://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/subsite/glfc-tree-planting/glossary [10.11.2010]
fr glyphosate
DEFINITION herbicide agissant par contact et systémie,non persistant dans le sol et non sélectif REFERENCE Larousse agricole 1981
COMMENT fortement suspecté d'être cancérogène
de [(Phosphonomethyl)amino]essigsäure | <i>N</i>-(Phosphomethyl)glycin | Glyphosat
DEFINITION biologisch wirksame Hauptkomponente in einem Totalherbizid, welches der Chemiekonzern Monsanto unter dem Namen RoundUp vertreibt REFERENCE CHEMIE.DE Information Service GmbH: Fachportal für Chemie, s. v. „Glyphosat“, http://www.chemie.de/lexikon/Glyphosat.html (29.8.2018)
COMMENT Es ist eine strukturanaloge Verbindung des Phosphoenolpyruvats (PEP) und blockiert das Enzym 5-Enolpyruvylshikimat-3-phosphat-Synthase (EPSPS), welches zur Synthese aromatischer Aminosäuren (Phenylalanin, Tryptophan, Tyrosin) über den Shikimatweg benötigt wird.

Terms from Statutory Instruments

A collection of miscellaneous terms compiled as part of the LEX project.
Gnó/Business
Leis an Ionstraim seo rialaítear coinníollacha reachtúla Fostaíochta, amhail ón 26 Eanáir, 1981 d'oibrithe atá fostaithe i gceird na nUiscí Aeraithe agus na Buidéalóireachta Mór-Reaca. · This Instrument regulates statutory conditions of Employment as from 26th January, 1981 for workers employed in the Aerated Waters and Wholesale Bottling trade.
Gnó › Riarachán/Business › Administration
Turasóireacht/Tourism
Áitreabh atá cláraithe í gclár na n-óstlanna faoí fhorálacha na nAchtanna um Thrácht Cuartaiochta, 1939 go 1957. · A premises registered in the register of hotels under the provisions of the Tourist Traffic Acts, 1939 to 1957.
Spóirt/Sports
Déanfaidh an maoirseoir tumadóireachta, i ndáil le gach oibríocht tumadóireachta, na sonraí seo a leanas a chur i leabhar a chuirfidh an fostóir tumadóirí iomchuí ar fáil chun críocha an Rialacháin seo (dá ngairtear feasta "logleabhar na n-oibríochtaí tumadóireachta" sa Rialachán seo). · The diving supervisor shall, in relation to each diving operation, record in a book provided for the purposes of this Regulation by the relevant employer of divers (which book is subsequently referred to in this Regulation as the “diving operations logbook”).
Gnó › Miondíol/Business › Retail
Luach na n-earraí agus na hoibre a rinneadh agus na táillí a muirearaíodh ar obair a rinneadh ar ábhar na gcustaiméirí féin agus ar obair dheisiúcháin agus bhreacghnó a rinneadh i rith na bliana. · Value of goods made and work done and charges made for work done on customer's own materials and for repair and jobbing work done on customers' own materials and for repair and jobbing work done during the year.

Focal sa Chúirt

Focal sa Chúirt, Ó Catháin, L. (Coiscéim, 2000). Minor amendments were made to the contents of the dictionary, in alignment with this database.
ginmhillteán (fir)
abortifacient (n)
achomaireacht (bain)
abstract (n)
comhaontú (fir)
accord (n)
cuntas (fir)
account (n)
gníomh (fir)
act (n)
aosaí (fir)
adult (n)
duine fásta
adult (n)
airleacan (fir)
advance (n)
fógraíocht (bain)
advertising (n)
abhcóide (fir)
advocate (n)
aeróg (bain)
aerial (n)
comhiomlánú (fir)
aggregate (n)
ionadaí (fir)
alternative (n)
breisoidhreachtán (fir)
appendant (n) (jurisprudence)
ascnamh (fir)
approach (n)
tarrachtain (bain)
approach (n)
coirloscadh (fir)
arson (n)
sinsear (fir)
ascendant (n)
aontú (fir)
assent (n)
iarracht (bain)
attempt (n)
caillroinnt (bain)
average (n)
meán (fir)
average (n)
toirmeasc (fir)
ban (n)
babhtáil (bain)
barter (n)
bonn (fir)
base (n)
bunáit (bain)
base (n) (place)
gealltóireacht (bain)
betting (n)
déchéileach (fir)
bigamist (n)
cuntas
bill (n) (account)
smál (fir)
blot (n)
bord (fir)
board (n)
leabhar (fir)
book (n)
baghcat (fir)
boycott (n)
coscán (fir)
brake (n)
briseadh (fir)
breach (n)
feall (fir)
breach (n)
craoladh (fir)
broadcast (n)
maorlathas
bureaucracy (n)
maorlathaí
bureaucrat (n)
seachchonair (bain)
by-pass (n)
gabháil (bain)
capture (n)
cinsire (fir)
censor (n)
imcháineadh (fir)
censure (n)
tréith (bain)
characteristic (n)
clampa (fir)
clamp (n)
bac (fir)
clog (n)
cliseadh (fir)
collapse (n)
comhaontachas (fir)
combine (n) (commerce)
coimín (fir)
common (n) (right of common)
iompar (fir)
conduct (n)

Téarmaí Dlí

Téarmaí Dlí (Oifig an tSoláthair, 1959). A bilingual dictionary of legal terms.
an tOireachtas (fir1, gu: An Oireachtais, ai: Na hOireachtais, gi: Na n-Oireachtas)
the Legislature
cúram na n-imeachtaí (fir1)
the carriage of proceedings
na páirtithe agus a n-ionpháirtithe (fir)
the parties and their privies
Lógó gaois.ie
gaois.ie