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BUNACHAR TÉARMAÍOCHTA
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Téarmaí cosúla: áit, AIT, áitigh , caith, HIT

Téarmaíocht IATE

Thermal equipment
ga áith TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
SAINMHÍNIÚ oigheann chun cré a bhácáil i gcomhair brící nó earraí cré, nó cré is aol a bhácáil chun stroighin a dhéanamh TAGAIRT ‘áith’. <i>Fréamh an Eolais</i>, Coiscéim, Baile Átha Cliath, 2011, lch. 29
en kiln
SAINMHÍNIÚ furnace or oven for burning, baking, or drying, especially one for calcining lime or firing pottery TAGAIRT "kiln" <i>noun > The Oxford Dictionary of English</i> (revised edition). Ed. Catherine Soanes & Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press (OUP), 2005. <i>Oxford Reference Online</i>. OUP. DGT. http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t140.e41410 (21.10.2009)
fr four
SAINMHÍNIÚ terme général pour désigner les fours de cuisson des produits céramiques en particulier ou de calcination des matières premières. TAGAIRT AFNOR
Chemical industry
ga áith aoil TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga tiníl TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga tornóg aoil TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en lime kiln
SAINMHÍNIÚ kiln in a lime<sup>1</sup> plant where limestone<sup>2</sup> is calcined<HR><sup>1</sup> lime [ IATE:1240915 ]<BR><sup>2</sup> limestone [ IATE:1351535 ] TAGAIRT COM-Terminology Coordination, based on:<BR>US Environmental Protection. <i>Emissions Factors & AP 42, Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors</i>, http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/index.html > <i>AP 42, Fifth Edition, Volume I - Chapter 11: Mineral Products Industry</i>. <i>11.17 Lime Manufacturing</i>, http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch11/final/c11s17.pdf [14.1.2015]
NÓTA See also: <i>lime sludge reburning kiln</i> (broader) [ IATE:1486464 ]
fr four à chaux
SAINMHÍNIÚ four dans lequel le calcaire est transformé en chaux par calcination TAGAIRT COM-FR, d'après: article de Claire König, enseignante en sciences naturelles, «Cristallographie : chimie de la calcite», FUTURA Matière par FUTURA-SCIENCES (10.2.2006), http://www.futura-sciences.com/magazines/matiere/infos/dossiers/d/chimie-cristallographie-chimie-calcite-586/page/6/ [26.6.2015]
NÓTA Voir aussi:<br>- chaux [IATE:1240915 ]<br>- calcaire [IATE:1351535 ]<p>Le calcaire enfourné (la pierre à chaux) a une granulométrie comprise entre 5-10 et 250 mm. Les "fines" qui risqueraient de boucher les fours sont vendues comme calcaire. Il faut, en moyenne, 3,5 t de calcaire extrait pour produire une tonne de chaux. Le coût du combustible représente 40 % du prix de revient de la chaux produite. Cette calcination est une source importante de CO<SUB>2</SUB>.<br>Les fours sont toujours situés près des carrières d'extraction du calcaire.<br>Une partie importante de la production est effectuée directement par les industries utilisatrices telles que les sucreries, les papeteries, quelques usines sidérurgiques.<p>Source: Ibid.
de Kalkofen
SAINMHÍNIÚ Brennofen für die Herstellung von Branntkalk aus Kalkstein TAGAIRT Wikipedia, s. v. "Kalkofen", http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalkofen (11.2.2015)
Building and public works
ga áith asfailt TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en asphalt kiln
SAINMHÍNIÚ part of an asphalt plant where the mixture used for asphalt production is heated TAGAIRT European Commission. DG Environment. Correspondence dated 23.3.2017
fr four à asphalte
SAINMHÍNIÚ partie d'une centrale d'enrobage où le mélange servant à la production d'asphalte est chauffé TAGAIRT COM-FR d'après la définition en langue anglaise [4.5.2017]
Industrial production · Metallurgical industry
ga áith chailcínithe cóic TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en coke calcining kiln
SAINMHÍNIÚ kiln in which anode grade green coke from the oil refining process is converted into almost pure carbon, which is then used to produce carbon anodes for the aluminium industry TAGAIRT COM-EN, based on:<BR>Metso > Mining and construction > pyro processing. http://www.metso.com/miningandconstruction/mm_pyro.nsf/WebWID/WTB-041116-2256F-0C6CF [7.12.2011]
Metallurgical industry · Building industry
ga áith rothlach TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en rotary kiln
SAINMHÍNIÚ cylindrical, horizontally inclined device which rotates around its fixed axis used to raise materials to a high temperature TAGAIRT COM-Terminology Coordination, based on:<li>Wikipedia. Rotary kiln, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotary_kiln [11.4.2016]<li>& Wikipedia. Pyroprocessing, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyroprocessing [11.4.2016]
NÓTA In metallurgical industry, rotary kilns use the same arrangement as a rotary furnace<sup>1</sup> but operate without melting the charge<HR><sup>1</sup><i>rotary furnace</i> [ IATE:1427313 ]<HR><HR>Reference: COM-Terminology Coordination, based on:<BR>European Commission. JRC. <i>Best Available Techniques (BAT) Reference Document for the Non-Ferrous Metals Industries</i>, http://eippcb.jrc.ec.europa.eu/reference/BREF/NFM_Final_Draft_10_2014.pdf [11.4.2016]
fr four rotatif
SAINMHÍNIÚ Four cylindrique d'axe légèrement incliné sur l'horizontale dont la rotation assure la progression des matières enfournées. TAGAIRT Grand dictionnaire terminologique (Office de la langue française, 1978)
de Drehrohrofen | Drehofen
NÓTA SYN/ANT: auch Drehrohrofen oder Drehtrommelofen;CONTEXT: Abfallverbrennung (Pyrolyse), Drehtrommelverfahren;DIV: KW 06/09/2001
Building industry
ga áith stroighne TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en cement kiln
SAINMHÍNIÚ kiln in which rawmix is converted into clinker [ IATE:1418390 ] TAGAIRT Dylan Moore. <i>Kiln Control</i>, http://www.cementkilns.co.uk/kiln_control.html [10.3.2017]
Metals
ga áith Waelz TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en Waelz kiln
SAINMHÍNIÚ rotary kiln used for zinc recycling TAGAIRT RHI. <i>Waelz kiln</i>, http://www.rhi-ag.com/internet_en/products_solutions_en/non_ferrous_en/non_ferrous_bm_en/non_ferrous_bm_agg_en/non_ferrous_bm_agg_wk_en/ [5.4.2016]
Forestry
ga áith-thriomaithe TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga KD TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en kiln-dried | KD
SAINMHÍNIÚ "2. The wood must have undergone a heat treatment during a period of time sufficient to achieve a minimum core temperature of 56 °C for 30 minutes in a kiln tested and approved for this purpose..." TAGAIRT 2004/95/EC: Commission Decision authorising the Member States to provide for derogations from the phytosanitary certificate requirement of Council Directive 2000/29/EC in respect of heat-treated wood of conifers originating in Canada, OJ L 28/2004, p. 22-25 (32004D0095), Annex, Part I.
NÓTA CONTEXT: timber industry
fr séché au four | séché au séchoir | séché en étuve
NÓTA CONTEXT: industrie du bois
de einer Ofentrocknung unterzogen
NÓTA CONTEXT: Trocknen von Holz;DIV: cf 16/07/2004
Technology · Energy policy · Soft energy
ga bithbhreosla le haghaidh áithe TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en biomass kiln fuel
SAINMHÍNIÚ biomass (e.g. waste wood, sewage sludge and others) used as fuel for <I>kilns</I> [ IATE:1413692 ] and serving as a substitute for <I>conventional fossil fuels</I> [ IATE:241240 ] TAGAIRT COM-EN, based on:<BR>Vanderborght, B., Brodmann, U. <I>The Cement CO<sub>2</sub> Protocol: CO<sub>2</sub> Emissions Monitoring and Reporting Protocol for the Cement Industry</i>. WBCSD Working Group Cement, 2001. http://cdm.unfccc.int/filestorage/G/R/T/GRT1WVF8609RYUTOX81XNLMXCG01RF/Proof%20of%20CDM%20consideration%201.pdf?t=dWd8bHhvY2pufDC4LBZ0ZDCbQNQkvZNtQ50- [12.1.2012]
Pollution · Waste · Hydrocarbon · Chemistry
ga breosla iontaise ionadúil le haghaidh áithe TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en alternative fossil-based kiln fuel | fossil AFR
SAINMHÍNIÚ fossil-based material derived from waste (e.g. waste tires, waste oil, plastics and others) used as fuel for kilns and serving as a substitute for <I>conventional fossil fuels</I> [ IATE:241240 ] TAGAIRT COM-EN, based on:<BR>Vanderborght, B., Brodmann, U. <I>The Cement CO<sub>2</sub> Protocol: CO<sub>2</sub> Emissions Monitoring and Reporting Protocol for the Cement Industry</i>. WBCSD Working Group Cement, 2001. http://cdm.unfccc.int/filestorage/G/R/T/GRT1WVF8609RYUTOX81XNLMXCG01RF/Proof%20of%20CDM%20consideration%201.pdf?t=dWd8bHhvY2pufDC4LBZ0ZDCbQNQkvZNtQ50- [12.1.2012]
Pollution · Hydrocarbon · Chemistry
ga breosla iontaise traidisiúnta le haghaidh áithe TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en conventional fossil kiln fuel
SAINMHÍNIÚ <I>conventional fossil fuels</I> [ IATE:241240 ] (i.e. coal, petcoke, fuel oil and natural gas) used as a source of energy to power a <I>kiln</I> [ IATE:1413692 ] TAGAIRT COM-EN, based on:<BR>Vanderborght, B., Brodmann, U. <I>The Cement CO<sub>2</sub> Protocol: CO<sub>2</sub> Emissions Monitoring and Reporting Protocol for the Cement Industry</i>. WBCSD Working Group Cement, 2001. http://cdm.unfccc.int/filestorage/G/R/T/GRT1WVF8609RYUTOX81XNLMXCG01RF/Proof%20of%20CDM%20consideration%201.pdf?t=dWd8bHhvY2pufDC4LBZ0ZDCbQNQkvZNtQ50- [12.1.2012]
Hydrocarbon · INDUSTRY
ga breosla nach n-úsáidtear san áith TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en non-kiln fuel
SAINMHÍNIÚ fuel that is used in the calcination industry, but which is not consumed directly by the kiln(s) TAGAIRT COM-EN, based on:<BR>Vanderborght, B., Brodmann, U. <I>The Cement CO<sub>2</sub> Protocol: CO<sub>2</sub> Emissions Monitoring and Reporting Protocol for the Cement Industry</i>. WBCSD Working Group Cement, 2001. http://cdm.unfccc.int/filestorage/G/R/T/GRT1WVF8609RYUTOX81XNLMXCG01RF/Proof%20of%20CDM%20consideration%201.pdf?t=dWd8bHhvY2pufDC4LBZ0ZDCbQNQkvZNtQ50- [12.1.2012]
NÓTA Non-kiln fuels include, for instance, fuels for thermal process equipment (e.g. dryers), auto-production of power, plant and quarry vehicles, and room heating. Direct CO<sub>2</sub> from non-kiln fuels is accounted for in the protocol as follows:<BR>• CO<sub>2</sub> from non-kiln fuels is reported separately, by application type, to provide flexibility in the aggregation of emissions. The protocol distinguishes the following applications:<BR>– equipment and on-site vehicles<BR>– room heating / cooling<BR>– raw material drying<BR>– on-site power generation<BR>• CO<sub>2</sub> from off-site transports by company-owned fleets is currently excluded from the protocol.<BR>• Carbon in non-kiln fuels is assumed to be fully oxidized, i.e. carbon storage in soot or ash is not accounted for. The resulting overestimation of emissions will usually be small (approx. 1%).
Pollution · Building industry
ga deannach áithe stroighne TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en CKD | cement kiln dust
SAINMHÍNIÚ discarded dust from long dry and wet kiln system dedusting units, consisting of partly calcined kiln feed material TAGAIRT Cement Industry Federation > About Cement > Glossary http://www.cement.org.au/about-cement/glossary [5.12.2011]
NÓTA Extraction and discarding of bypass dust and CKD serve to control excessive circulating elements input (alkali, sulfur, chlorine), particularly in cases of low-alkaline clinker production. The term “CKD“ is sometimes used to denote all dust from cement kilns, i.e. also from bypass systems.<BR>See also <i>bypass dust</i> IATE:3540450
Iron, steel and other metal industries
ga teicneolaíocht áithe Waelz TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga próiseas Waelz TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
ga próiseas áithe Waelz TAGAIRT Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
en Waelz kiln technology | Waelz process | Waelz kiln process
SAINMHÍNIÚ method of recovering zinc and other relatively low boiling point metals from metallurgical waste (typically EAF flue dust) and other recycled materials using a rotary kiln (waelz kiln<sup>1</sup>)<HR><sup>1</sup>waelz kiln [ IATE:3567259 ] TAGAIRT Wikipedia. Waelz process, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waelz_process [30.11.2015]
NÓTA The zinc enriched product is referred to as waelz oxide, and the reduced zinc by product as waelz slag.<BR>The concept of using a rotary kiln for the recovery of Zinc by volatization dates to at least 1888.[1] A process was patented by Edward Dedolph in 1910. Subsequently the Dedpolph patent was taken up and developed by Metallgesellschaft (Frankfurt) with Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron but without leading to a production scale ready process. In 1923 the Krupp Grusonwerk independently developed a process (1923), named the Waelz process (from the German Waelzen, a reference to the motion of the materials in the kiln); the two German firms later collaborated and improved the process marketing under the name Waelz-Gemeinschaf.
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