MPA | protected area | marine protected area
SAINMHÍNIÚ protected marine intertidal or subtidal area, within territorial waters, exclusive economic zones (EEZs) or in the high seas, set aside by law or other effective means, together with its overlying water and associated flora, fauna, historical and cultural features TAGAIRT ‘marine protected area’. <I>FAO Term Portal</I>, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, http://www.fao.org/faoterm/viewentry/en/?entryId=98731 [27.10.2016]
NÓTA It provides degrees of preservation and protection for important marine biodiversity and resources; a particular habitat (e.g. a mangrove or a reef) or species, or sub-population (e.g. spawners or juveniles) depending on the degree of use permitted. The use of MPAs (for scientific, educational, recreational, extractive and other purposes including fishing) is strictly regulated and could be prohibited.