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  1. ENERGY|coal and mining industries|mining industry · ENERGY|energy policy|energy industry · ENERGY|oil industry|hydrocarbon
    fracáil Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    scoilteadh hiodrálach Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    Definition Gewinnung von Erdgas durch Fracking aus unkonventionellen Lagerstätten Reference Umweltforschungsplan des Bundesministeriums für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit, 2012, (20.1.2014)
    high-volume slick-water hydraulic fracturing | high-volume hydraulic fracturing | large hydraulic fracture treatment | fracing | fracking | massive hydraulic fracturing | unconventional hydraulic fracturing
    Definition hydraulic fracturing used for unconventional wells Reference COM-Terminology Coordination, based on:Intermountain Oil and Gas BMP Project, Hydraulic Fracturing (23.4.2020)
    Comment Unconventional wells are deeper and require higher pressures than conventional vertical wells and thus more water than conventional hydraulic fracturing.Oil and gas operators have conducted hydraulic fracturing, commonly known as ‘fracing’ or ‘fracking’, for over sixty years in either vertical or slant wells (this is often referred to as ‘conventional drilling’). Within the past decade, the combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing has been used with increasing frequency in each of the intermountain states (this is often referred to as ‘unconventional drilling’). Unconventional drilling increases the volume of natural gas that can be extracted from tight sand, coalbed, and shale formations, which makes the extraction process economically feasible. The Independent Petroleum Association of America reports that over 90% of vertical and horizontal oil and gas wells nationwide now require some form of hydraulic fracturing. See also: - return rate (related)- induced fracture (narrower) - flowback water (related)
    fracturation hydraulique à grands volumes | fracturation hydraulique
    Definition technique consistant à fissurer une roche au moyen de l'injection d’un liquide sous pression afin de récupérer du pétrole ou du gaz dans des substrats trop denses, pour lesquels un puits classique s'avérerait improductif Reference COM-FR d'après le site Futura-sciences > nos magazines > terre > dictionnaire: fracturation hydraulique, [31.1.2014]