Gaois

A collection of legal and legislative terms in Irish extracted from the European Union's multilingual terminology database. More information »

10 results

  1. medical science
    frithsheasmhacht fhaighte fhrithmhiocróbach Reference Faofa ag an gCoiste Téarmaíochta, www.tearma.ie Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    frithsheasmhacht fhrithmhiocróbach Reference Faofa ag an gCoiste Téarmaíochta, www.tearma.ie Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    Resistenz | Resistenz gegen antimikrobielle Wirkstoffe | antimikrobielle Resistenz | AMR | erworbene Resistenz gegen antimikrobielle Mittel
    de
    Definition genetisch bedingte Resistenz von Mikroorganismen gegen antimikrobielle Wirkstoffe IATE:834434 Reference Council-DE
    Comment XREF: Antibiotikum IATE:1098823 ; Antibiotika-Resistenz IATE:1073649 ; UPD: cba, 2.7.12
    anti-microbial resistance | acquired antimicrobial resistance | acquired resistance | AMR | antimicrobial resistance | resistance to antimicrobial agents | resistance
    en
    Definition resistance of a microorganism 1 to an antimicrobial medicine to which it was previously sensitive resulting in failure of the treatment and prolonged infection Reference Based on: World Health Organization > Media Centre > Fact Sheets > Fact sheet N°194 - February 2011: Antimicrobial resistance http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs194/en/ [16.10.2018]
    Comment 1 microorganism [ IATE:1203151 ] See also: - antibiotic resistance (narrower) [ IATE:1073649 ] - anti-microbial drug resistance (related) [ IATE:2212752 ] - antiviral drug resistance (related) [ IATE:3507575 ] Do not confuse with antimicrobial resistance [ IATE:3573244 ], where the resistance is innate and not acquired at a later time.
    résistance aux agents anti-microbiens | résistance acquise aux antimicrobiens | résistance aux agents antimicrobiens | résistance aux antimicrobiens | résistance aux substances antimicrobiennes | résistance aux substances anti-microbiennes
    fr
    Definition aptitude d'une ou plusieurs souches d'un microbe à survivre à l'administration d'un mé­dicament, entraînant ainsi la prolongation de l'état pathologique ou un échec thérapeutique total Reference D'après: site de l'OMS, aide-mémoire n°194, révisé en janvier 2002, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs194/fr/index.html [14.4.2009] et Meertens R., Dictionnaire anglais-français/français-anglais de la santé et du médical, éd. Chiron, Paris, 2006.
    Comment C'est le microbe (bactérie, virus, champignon ou protozoaire) qui est résistant, pas le médicament ni le patient. Des espèces de bactéries normalement résistantes à la pénicilline, par exemple, peuvent développer une résistance à ces médicaments soit par mutation (transmission verticale) soit par acquisition des gènes de résistance d’une autre bactérie (transmission horizontale). Ce double mode d’acquisition de la résistance explique pourquoi cette caractéristique peut se transmettre rapidement et remplacer une colonie de bactéries auparavant sensible aux médicaments. (cf. http://www.who.int/medicinedocs/es/d/Js2249f/3.1.html#Js2249f.3.1 )
  2. medical science
    frithsheasmhacht oiriúnaitheach in aghaidh ábhair fhrithmhiocróbacha Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    adaptive antimikrobielle Resistenz
    de
    adaptive antimicrobial resistance | adaptive resistance
    en
    Definition temporary rise in the resistibility of the microbe in response to the drug, due to altered gene/protein expression, as a result of exposure to stress nutrient medium, growth or sub-inhibitory levels of the antibiotic, which reverts when the inducing condition is removed Reference COM-Terminology Coordination, based on: Leo J.P. Tharappel, Ginpreet Kaur, Harpal S. Buttar. India – A New Contributor To The Pharmacovigilance Movement. IJPSR (2014), Vol. 5, Issue 8, http://ijpsr.com/?action=download_pdf&postid=1155 [15.3.2018]
    Comment See also: - antimicrobial resistance (broader) [ IATE:3573244 ] - acquired antimicrobial resistance (related) [ IATE:912591 ] - intrinsic antimicrobial resistance (related) [ IATE:3571214 ]
  3. life sciences
    R-phlasmaid Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    R-Plasmid | Resistenzfaktor | Resistenzplasmid | Chemikalienresistenzplasmid | R-Faktor | Antibiotikum-Resistenz-Plasmid
    de
    Definition Plasmide (Resistenzplasmide), auf denen Gene der Antibiotika-Resistenz oder allgemein der Resistenz gegenüber antimikrobiellen Agenzien lokalisiert sind, die dem Plasmid-Träger die entsprechende Resistenz verleihen Reference Lexikon der Biologie. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag: Heidelberg, 1999, s. v. „Resistenzfaktoren“, http://www.spektrum.de/lexikon/biologie/resistenzfaktoren/56364 (25.10.2017)
    resistance plasmid | antibiotic resistance plasmid | R-plasmid | drug-resistance factor | R-factor plasmid | resistance factor | R-factor | plasmids | R factor
    en
    Definition plasmid [ IATE:1684610 ] that carries and transmits genes responsible for resistance to antibiotics from one bacterium to another Reference The Free Dictionary http://www.thefreedictionary.com/R+factor [23.9.2010]
    facteur R | facteur de transfert de résistance | facteur de résistance | plasmide de résistance
    fr
    Definition Plasmide capable de transférer d'une bactérie à l'autre la résistance bactérienne aux antibiotiques. Reference Biofutur 5/86,p.24
  4. health · medical science
    frithsheasmhacht in aghaidh antaibheathach Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    Antibiotikaresistenz | antibiotische Resistenz
    de
    Definition Eigenschaft von Bakterien, die gegen ein bestimmtes Antibiotikum (oder auch mehrere) unempfindlich sind. Verantwortlich für die Antibiotikaresistenz sind Gene, die Enzyme zum Abbau oder zur Ausscheidung der betreffenden Substanz codieren. ; durch vorzeitigen Abbruch von Behandlungen mit Antiobiotika (= Medikamenten mit antimikrobieller Wirkung) werden gerade die resistenten Keime (bakteriellen Krankheitserreger) selektiert und verbreiten sich Reference Lex.Biochemie;Brockhaus Enzyklopädie,F.A.Brockhaus Wiesbaden ;
    Comment XREF: Antibiotikum IATE:1098823 ; antimikrobieller Wirkstoff IATE:834434 ; antimikrobielle Resistenz IATE:912591 ; XREF: Resistenz gegen antimikrobielle Wirkstoffe (A317180);MISC: "Antibiotika": alle oral oder systematisch verabreichten Gruppen von natürlichen, halbsynthetischen und synthetischen Antimikroben-Stoffen verstanden, die Mikroorganismen töten oder ihre Vermehrung hemmen;DIV: RSZ 23/12/2003
    antibiotic resistance | resistance to antibiotics
    en
    Definition resistance occurring when bacteria develop the ability to defeat the drugs designed to kill them, the consequence of which is that antibiotics cannot fight them, and the bacteria multiply Reference EP-Terminology Coordination, based on: Center for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC > Antibiotic Use > Appropriate Antibiotic Use: Community > About, ’Antibiotic Resistance Questions and Answers’, https://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/about.html [6.10.2018]
    Comment Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections (such as urinary tract infections, pneumonia, bloodstream infections) making them ineffective. Antibiotics fight bacteria, not viruses.Antimicrobial resistance is a broader term, encompassing resistance to drugs that treat infections caused by other microbes as well, such as parasites (e.g. malaria or helminths), viruses (e.g. HIV) and fungi (e.g. Candida).References: - World Health Organization, ’What is the difference between antibiotic and antimicrobial resistance?’, http://www.emro.who.int/health-topics/drug-resistance/what-is-the-difference-between-antibiotic-and-antimicrobial-resistance.html [6.11.2018] - U. S. Food and Drug Administration, Home For Consumers > Consumer Updates, ‘Combating Antibiotic Resistance’, 15 November 2011, https://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm092810.htm [6.11.2018]
    résistance aux antibiotiques | antibiorésistance
    fr
  5. medical science
    frithsheasmhacht in aghaidh ábhair fhrithmhiocróbacha Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    Context 'Tá méadú ag teacht ar "fhrithsheasmhacht in aghaidh ábhair fhrithmhiocróbacha" rud a thuigtear mar chumas miocrorgánach teacht slán nó fás áit a bhfuil tiúchan oibreán frithmhiocróbach ar gnách gur leor é chun miocrorgánaigh den speiceas céanna a chosc nó a mharú.' Reference Rialachán (AE) 2016/429 maidir le galair in-tarchurtha ainmhithe agus lena leasaítear agus lena n-aisghairtear gníomhartha áirithe i réimse na sláinte ainmhithe (“Dlí maidir le Sláinte Ainmhithe”), CELEX:32016R0429/GA
    antimikrobielle Resistenz
    de
    Definition Phänomen, dass sich Mikroorganismen vor dem Angriff eigentlich gegen sie gerichteter Wirkstoffe erfolgreich schützen und die entsprechende biologische oder chemische Substanz damit unwirksam machen können Reference Antimicrobial Copper: Startseite > Warum Antimikrobielle Kupferwerkstoffe? > Antimikrobielle Resistenz, http://www.antimicrobialcopper.org/de/Resistenzen (29.8.2017)
    AMR | antimicrobial resistance
    en
    Definition resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial medicine [ IATE:834434 ] Reference COM-Terminology Coordination, based on:Leo J.P. Tharappel, Ginpreet Kaur, Harpal S. Buttar. India – A New Contributor To The Pharmacovigilance Movement. IJPSR (2014), Vol. 5, Issue 8, http://ijpsr.com/?action=download_pdf&postid=1155 [14.5.2018]
    Comment See also:- acquired antimicrobial resistance [ IATE:912591 ] - adaptive antimicrobial resistance [ IATE:3573248 ]- intrinsic antimicrobial resistance [ IATE:3571214 ]
  6. life sciences · medical science
    frithsheasmhacht ghéiniteach Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    genetische Resistenz
    de
    genetic resistance
    en
    Definition Definition: genetically determined resistance to specific harmful agents IATE:814025 Reference COM-Term. Coord., based on:Saunders Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary,Elsevier, 2007. http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Genetic+resistance [5.11.2012] & Moncrieff, A. The genetic basis of host pathogen specifity in plant disease resistance. http://bugs.bio.usyd.edu.au/learning/resources/PlantPathology/infection/plant_defenses/resistanceGenetics.html [5.11.2012]
    Comment For humans and animals, harmful agents are infectious agents, while for plants they are foreign pests and other micro-organisms. Inversely, genetic resistance of pests refers to their acquired resistance to pesticides. See also: harmful agent (related) IATE:814025
    résistance génétique
    fr
  7. means of agricultural production · plant product · technology and technical regulations
    frithsheasmhacht in aghaidh luibhicídí Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    Herbizid-Resistenz
    de
    herbicide tolerance | herbicide resistance
    en
    Definition ability of a plant to remain unaffected by the application of a herbicide Reference Zaid, A., Hughes, H. G., Porceddu, E., Nicholas, F. Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture - A Revised and Augmented Edition of the Glossary of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome 2001. http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/004/Y2775E/Y2775E00.HTM [29.3.2011]
    Comment Herbicide resistance has been one of the early targets of plant genetic engineering. If a herbicide is sprayed onto a field planted with such resistant crops, then all the plants except the crop would be killed, thus providing an effective method of weed control without having to develop herbicides specific to each weed type. There is substantial concern in some quarters about the widespread use of this technology, which is essentially giving the plant kingdom the ability to evade man's most effective herbicides. The concern are that, firstly, such engineering will lead to increased use of the herbicides, at a time when it is generally accepted that the use of chemicals should be kept as low as possible, and that, secondly, there is the possibility that resistant crop plants will escape to become weeds, or that their resistant genes could be transferred to other species, including weeds.
    résistance aux herbicides | tolérance aux herbicides
    fr
  8. pharmaceutical industry · life sciences
    frithsheasmhacht intreach Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    intrinsische Resistenz
    de
    intrinsic resistance | intrinsic antimicrobial resistance | insensitivity
    en
    Definition innate ability of a bacterial species to resist activity of a particular drug or antimicrobial agent thanks to its inherent structural or functional characteristics Reference COM-EN, based on: Michigan State University. Antimicrobial Resistance Learning Site. Microbiology. Intrinsic Resistance, http://amrls.cvm.msu.edu/microbiology/molecular-basis-for-antimicrobial-resistance/intrinsic-resistance [15.3.2018]
    Comment See also:- antimicrobial resistance (broader) [ IATE:3573244 ] - acquired antimicrobial resistance (related) [ IATE:912591 ]- adaptative antimicrobial resistance (related) [ IATE:]
  9. medical science
    frithsheasmhacht phríomhúil in aghaidh drugaí Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    primäre Resistenz
    de
    Definition bei Bakterien durch Spontanmutation im extrachromosomalen Erbgut entstehendes Gen, das das Resistenz-"Besteck" gegen ein bestimmtes Antibiotikum kodiert Reference Reallex Med
    primary drug resistance | primary resistance | trasmitted drug resistance
    en
    Definition resistance to drug treatment developed by a treatment-naive patient Reference COM-EN, based on:Barbour JD, Hecht FM, Wrin T, Liegler TJ, Ramstead CA, Busch MP, Segal MR, Petropoulos CJ, Grant RM. Persistence of primary drug resistance among recently HIV-1 infected adults. AIDS. 2004 Aug 20;18(12):1683-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15280779 [10.11.2011]
    résistance primaire
    fr
  10. health
    an Líonra Eorpach Faireachais um Fhrithsheasmhacht in aghaidh Ábhar Frithmhiocróbach Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    EARS-Net Reference Faomhadh an téarma seo mar chuid de Thionscadal Lex
    ga
    Definition líonra Eorpach na gcóras náisiúnta faireachais, trína gcuirtear sonraí tagartha Eorpacha ar fáil maidir le frithsheasmhacht in aghaidh ábhar frithmhicróbach ar mhaithe leis an tsláinte phoiblí Reference Comhairle-GA bunaithe ar an mBéarla
    Überwachung von antimikrobieller Resistenz | Substanzen | EARS-Netz | Europäisches System zur Überwachung von Resistenzen gegen antimikrobielle Wirkstoffe | Europäisches Netz zur Überwachung von Resistenzen gegen antimikrobielle Wirkstoffe | Mittel
    de
    Definition von der ECDC IATE:929455 betriebenes europäisches Netz nationaler Überwachungssysteme für Antibiotikaresistenzen und zur Einführung einer standardisierten Datenerhebung, die vergleichbare Informationen liefert Reference Council-DE vgl. WHO http://www.euro.who.int/de/health-topics/disease-prevention/pages/news/news/2014/04/new-report-antibiotic-resistance-a-global-health-threat (18.1.2018)
    European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network | EARS-Net | European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System
    en
    Definition European wide network of national surveillance systems, providing European reference data on antimicrobial resistance for public health purposes Reference ECDC Portal > English > Activities > Surveillance > European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net), http://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/activities/surveillance/EARS-Net/Pages/index.aspx (31.3.2011)
    Comment Renamed on 1 January 2010.
    Réseau européen de surveillance de la résistance aux antimicrobiens | Réseau européen de surveillance de la résistance aux antibiotiques | Système européen de surveillance de la résistance aux antimicrobiens | EARS-Net
    fr
    Definition réseau européen de systèmes nationaux de surveillance installés dans des laboratoires et des hôpitaux, et visant à fournir des données concernant la résistance aux microbes, l’objectif étant l’amélioration de la santé publique Reference Site web du Sénat BE - Question écrite n° 4-1339 de Louis Ide du 31/7/2008 à la vice-première ministre et ministre des Affaires sociales et de la Santé publique, http://www.senate.be/www/?MIval=/Vragen/SchriftelijkeVraag&LEG=4&NR=1339&LANG=fr (6/3/2009)
    Comment Site Internet (en anglais): http://www.rivm.nl/earss/about/ (14.4.2009)
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